Gum therapy, also known as scaling and root planing or deep cleaning, is the process of cleaning the area of teeth that sit behind the gum line. This process is typically only done when signs of gum disease (also called periodontal disease) are present in a patient. Advanced stages of gum disease can lead to tooth loss, and as always, the best way to avoid gum disease is daily brushing and flossing.
When plaque formations proliferate unchecked, gum tissue can become inflamed and begin to pull away from the teeth, referred to as periodontal pockets. Gum therapy serves to remove the plaque from the areas behind the gumline to prevent gum disease from advancing. Your gum’s job is supporting your teeth, they surround and support them. Professional cleanings are an important part of preventing these issues, but if a patient can brush and floss regularly, it goes much further. Gums and teeth work together, and their health is important to preventing more permanent long-term effects.
Patients with advanced gum periodontal disease can lose teeth. Losing teeth isn’t just something that affects the way you look and eat, but eventually causes jawbone loss and can change the shape of your face. Gum and bone work together to maintain the shape of your jaw.
The gum therapy procedure involves using manual scaling tools and electric or ultrasonic tools. Once the deep cleaning is finished, the dentist or periodontist will use a root planing tool to smooth out the roots of your teeth to encourage the gums to reattach.
For more information on gum therapy or to make an appointment with a dentist, contact the friendly and knowledgeable staff at First Class Dental!
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